Plato republic book 1 and 2
From this, but not having access to Aristotle's Politics, he concludes that ruling should be left to philosophers. Therefore, that the guardian must be a philosopher; he's also got to be energetic, someone bad might rule instead? This. Islamic philosophers were much more interested in Aristotle than Pla.
Socrates asks Thrasymachus why he would expect him to be able to answer, since he has never claimed to be able to know anything; it's Thrasymachus repubblic claims to have an answer! He points out that, this credo will lead us to harm the good and help the bad. Cephalus defines justice as giving what is owed.
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In the dialogue, Socrates talks with various Athenians and foreigners about the meaning of justice and whether the just man is happier than the unjust man. They also discuss the theory of forms , the immortality of the soul , and the role of the philosopher and of poetry in society. While visiting the Piraeus with Glaucon , Polemarchus tells Socrates to join him for a romp. Socrates then asks Cephalus , Polemarchus, and Thrasymachus their definitions of justice. Cephalus defines justice as giving what is owed. Polemarchus says justice is "the art which gives good to friends and evil to enemies. The first book ends in aporia concerning its essence.
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